Climate science has come a long way since the observation by the French physicist Joseph Fourier in 1824 that the Earth would be colder if it lacked an atmosphere. There is now a large body of evidence on climate change, including impacts on the marine environment, with implications for policy and management. Thus the need to collate, synthesise and interpret evidence on climate change for policy-makers is greater than ever.
Growth in peer-reviewed journal publications for Marine climate change and ocean acidification as well as other topical subjects in the marine environment (as derived from keyword searches of the Scopus database).
This report card summarises over ten years of reporting on marine climate change impacts in the UK, examining how understanding of marine climate change impacts has evolved since the first MCCIP report card was published in 2006. It reports on key lessons learned working at the science-policy interface ensuring marine climate science continues to be provided to end-users to inform policy and management.
Underlying evidence for this report card
This report card is based on a series of peer-reviewed papers produced by more than 50 authors, as well as drawing on previous report cards and a review by the MCCIP Report Card Working Group entitled “Reporting marine climate change impacts: lessons from the science – policy interface”.
Development in understanding of marine climate change impacts
This report card examines what was reported in 2006, and how this has changed for nine key topic areas, under the broad headings of climate of the marine environment (i.e. ocean acidification, Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation and temperature), impacts on biodiversity (i.e. seabirds, non-native species, and intertidal species and habitats) and impacts on society (i.e. fisheries, human health and coastal flooding). The key topics reflect those of particular interest to policy-makers and the wide divergence in the knowledge base available.
For each topic the following structure is used:
- MCCIP reported in 2006 that: headline messages from the first report card.
- And in 2017 that: what the headline messages are now.
- And also that: new information not reported in 2006.
- What we have learned.